Download E-books Tool Use in Animals: Cognition and Ecology PDF

The decade has witnessed notable discoveries and advances in our figuring out of the instrument utilizing behaviour of animals. Wild populations of capuchin monkeys were saw to crack open nuts with stone instruments, just like the abilities of chimpanzees and people. Corvids were saw to exploit and make instruments that rival in complexity the behaviours exhibited through the nice apes. Excavations of the nut cracking websites of chimpanzees were dated to round 4-5 thousand years in the past. device Use in Animals collates those and lots of extra contributions by means of best students in psychology, biology and anthropology, besides supplementary on-line fabrics, right into a complete evaluate of the cognitive skills and environmental forces shaping those behaviours in taxa as distantly similar as primates and corvids.

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Download E-books RSPB Spotlight: Puffins PDF

By Euan Dunn

Enduringly well known, Puffins are might be our such a lot iconic species of chook, and are the main instantly identifiable of seabirds with their ornamental debts and clown-like gait. but once they take wing they wheel and switch with nice agility and underwater those stocky little birds use brief specifically tailored wings to propel themselves during the water in pursuit of small fish.
Surprisingly little was once recognized approximately Puffin ecology until eventually lately due to their selected breeding habitat being underground on distant islands or hard-to-reach coastlines. Now Euan Dunn discloses all we have now learnt approximately them because of technological advances, and gives a revealing account in their lifestyles cycle, behaviour and breeding, what they devour, how they have interaction of their busy colonies, and the place they migrate to in iciness. Euan additionally exposes the mounting threats Puffins face and provides suggestion at the top areas to work out them.
Each highlight identify is punctiliously designed to introduce readers to the lives and behavior of our favorite birds and mammals.

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Download E-books The Wild Trees: A Story of Passion and Daring PDF

By Richard Preston

Hidden away in foggy, uncharted rain woodland valleys in Northern California are the biggest and tallest organisms the realm has ever sustained–the coast redwood trees, Sequoia sempervirens. Ninety-six percentage of the traditional redwood forests were destroyed by means of logging, however the untouched fragments that stay are one of the nice wonders of nature. the most important redwoods have trunks as much as thirty toes extensive and will upward thrust greater than thirty-five tales above the floor, forming cathedral-like constructions within the air. until eventually lately, redwoods have been considered nearly most unlikely to ascend, and the cover on the tops of those majestic bushes was once undiscovered. In The Wild Trees, Richard Preston unfolds the spellbinding tale of Steve Sillett, Marie Antoine, and the tiny staff of bold botanists and beginner naturalists that stumbled on a misplaced global above California, an international that's risky, hauntingly appealing, and unexplored.

The canopy voyagers are young–just students after they begin their quest–and they proportion a fondness for those timber, persevering regardless of occasionally crushing own hindrances and failings. They take significant dangers, they forget about universal knowledge (such because the concept that there’s not anything left to find in North America), they usually even make love in hammocks stretched among branches 300 ft within the air.

The deep redwood cover is a vertical Eden jam-packed with mosses, lichens, noticed salamanders, putting gardens of ferns, and thickets of huckleberry trees, all starting to be out of big trunk structures that experience fused and shaped flying buttresses, occasionally carved into blackened chambers, hollowed out by means of hearth, known as “fire caves.” Thick layers of soil sitting on limbs harbor animal and flowers that's unknown to technology. people go through the deep cover suspended on ropes, some distance out of sight of the floor, realizing that the cost of a small mistake could be a plunge to one’s death.

Preston’s account of this notable global, by way of turns terrifying, relocating, and interesting, is an event tale informed in novelistic aspect by way of a grasp of nonfiction narrative. the writer stocks his protagonists’ ardour for tall bushes, and he mastered the thoughts of tall-tree mountaineering to inform the tale in The Wild Trees–the tale of the destiny of the world’s so much fantastic forests and of the imperiled biosphere itself.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Download E-books Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa PDF

By Steve Woodhall

Box advisor to Butterflies of South Africa is designed for simple, speedy identity of all butterflies more likely to be visible in South Africa. Following a global development to butterfly staring at, readers are inspired to monitor behaviour instead of acquire specimens. an in depth introductory part discusses butterfly biology, behaviour and anatomy, and butterfly households and subfamilies. A accomplished part on person butterfly species offers a wealth of knowledge - medical and English universal names, details on flight sessions and numbers of broods, behavioural characteristics and differentiation from related species, in addition to notes on measurement, geographical distribution and larval nutrients assets. photos are typically of stay specimens taken within the wild, and comprise below- and uppersides, and dimorphism the place valuable.

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Download E-books The Old Ways: A Journey on Foot PDF

By Robert Macfarlane

The acclaimed writer of The Wild Places examines the delicate methods we're formed via the landscapes wherein we move

In this exquisitely written booklet, which folds jointly common heritage, cartography, geology, and literature, Robert Macfarlane units off to keep on with the traditional routes that crisscross either the panorama of the British Isles and its waters and territories past. the result's an immersive, mesmerizing exploration of the voices that hang-out previous paths and the tales our tracks inform. Macfarlane’s trips take him from the chalk downs of britain to the chook islands of the Scottish northwest, from Palestine to the sacred landscapes of Spain and the Himalayas. He fits strides with the footprints made through a guy 5 thousand years in the past close to Liverpool, sails an open boat a long way out into the Atlantic at evening, and commingles with walkers of many forms, getting to know that paths supply a method not only of traversing house but additionally of feeling, understanding, and pondering.

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Download E-books Lichens (Collins New Naturalist Library, Volume 86) PDF

By Oliver Gilbert

Lichens are interesting and gorgeous organisms in a position to colonise an unlimited variety of habitats, together with doubtless most unlikely areas resembling naked icy mountain tops and sun-scorched coastal rocks. This e-book discusses all features of British lichens, revealing the secrets and techniques in their good fortune. This version is unique to

Lichens are attention-grabbing and lovely organisms capable of colonise an unlimited variety of habitats, together with possible most unlikely locations reminiscent of naked icy mountain tops and sun-scorched coastal rocks. This e-book discusses all elements of British lichens, revealing the secrets and techniques in their success.

The e-book starts by means of how lichens were used all through heritage in medicinal drugs, dyes, nutrition and perfumes. It then is going directly to describe what lichens are, and the way they develop and reproduce. an in depth survey is given of the variety of habitats during which lichens are available: on bushes, rocks, heaths and moors, chalk and limestone, mountains, rivers, lakes, the coast, partitions and constructions, such a lot famously on church buildings and in churchyards. Gilbert additionally discusses the susceptibility of lichens to pollution, and the way they are often used to discover environmental pollution.

The entire, reader-friendly textual content, over one hundred fifty illustrations and sixteen pages of color, mix to make Lichens the definitive paintings in this topic of serious normal historical past curiosity.

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Download E-books Mushrooms and Toadstools (Collins New Naturalist Library, Book 7) PDF

By John Ramsbottom

Britain's overlook of fungi as desk food has might be been answerable for our impressive lack of knowledge of the normal heritage of such interesting vegetation. This variation is unique to

Britain's overlook of fungi as desk cuisine has might be been accountable for our fabulous lack of know-how of the usual heritage of such attention-grabbing crops. Puff-balls, greater than a foot in diameter; mouls in jam-pots; dry rot; cakes; those are examples of the wide variety of the gang, comprising over 100,000 species.

Many are of financial significance - for instance, the rusts that assault wheat and different vegetation, and the yeasts which ferment beer - and there are others of significant organic curiosity, similar to the mycorrhizal fungi which reside in organization with the roots of woodland bushes, orchids and different vegetation, and aid them to absorp nutrients from the soil. Penicillin, after all, has develop into a loved ones observe, and this book's ultimate bankruptcy at the is among the most sensible brief bills of the topic but writtern.

Dr. Ramsbottom used to be for a few years Keeper of Botany on the traditional background Museum, and has dedicated his existence to the examine of fungi in all their elements. he's both at domestic within the box, the laboratory and the library. one of many specified positive aspects of Mushrooms and Toadstools is the wealth of old allusion to fungi extracted from previous books.

Set out in a mode akin to Robert Burton, this colume can actually be defined as a twentieth century "Anatomy of Toadstool." certainly, in fairy earrings, technological know-how and superstition have long past hand in hand to supply a full of life tale of alternating surmise and study - or even this day an entire and ultimate clarification of those mysterious jewelry has now not but been made.

Many of the bigger toadstools are brightly colored and lend themselves admirably to color images, as proven by means of the eighty notable illustrations by means of Mr Paul de Laszlo.

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