By Søren Kierkegaard
In Philosophical Fragments the pseudonymous writer Johannes Climacus explored the query: what's required in an effort to transcend Socratic recollection of everlasting principles already possessed through the learner? Written as an afterword to this paintings, Concluding Unscientific Postscript is on one point a philosophical jest, but on one other it really is Climacus's characterization of the subjective thinker's relation to the reality of Christianity. right away ironic, funny, and polemical, this paintings takes at the "unscientific" type of a mimical-pathetical-dialectical compilation of principles. while the circulate within the prior pseudonymous writings is clear of the cultured, the move in Postscript is clear of speculative notion. Kierkegaard meant Postscript to be his concluding paintings as an writer. the following "second authorship" after The Corsair Affair made Postscript the turning element within the whole authorship. half one of many textual content quantity examines the reality of Christianity as an goal factor, half the subjective factor of what's concerned for the person in turning into a Christian, and the amount ends with an addendum during which Kierkegaard recognizes and explains his relation to the pseudonymous authors and their writings. the second one quantity includes the scholarly gear, together with a key to references and chosen entries from Kierkegaard's journals and papers.
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Additional info for Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments, Volume 2 (Kierkegaard's Writings, Volume 12)
From Chaos got here forth Erebus and black evening; yet of evening have been born Aether and Day, whom she conceived and naked from union in love with Erebus. And Earth first naked starry Heaven, equivalent to herself, to hide her on each aspect, and to be an ever-sure abiding-place for the blessed gods. sixty one. on the subject of the rest of the paragraph and the subsequent paragraph, see complement, p. 2. 35 (Pap. VI B 35:24). sixty two. On “actuality” [Virkelighed] and “reality” [Realitet], see JP III, pp. 900-03. sixty three. Lessing, “ Ueber den Beweis des Geistes und der Kraft,” Schriften, V, p. eighty; cf. Lessing’s Theological Writings, tr. Henry Chadwick (Stanford: Stanford college Press, 1957), p. fifty three. See additionally Fragments, name web page and observe, KW VII (SV IV 173). sixty four. “Contingent” or “accidental” as exclusive from “eternal” and “essential. ” See pp. 1. 197-98. sixty five. Lessing, “Ueber den Beweis,” Schriften, V, pp. 82-83; Chadwick, pp. 54-55. sixty six. See complement, pp. 2. 35-36 (Pap. VI B 98:26). sixty seven. See Fragments, name web page, KW VII (SV IV 173). sixty eight. An allusion to oral interpreting by way of the category and a delinquent’s lip routine. sixty nine. See JP III 3633 (Pap. VI A 62). 70. almost about the rest of the paragraph, see complement, p. 2. 36 (Pap. VI B 35:25). seventy one. See be aware sixty three above. The English translations within the paragraph are from Chadwick, pp. fifty three and fifty four. seventy two. See Fragments, pp. 100-05, KW VII (SV IV 263-67). seventy three. Ibid. , pp. 55-66 (221-31). seventy four. Ibid. , pp. 104-05 (266-67). seventy five. See Lessing, “Ueber den Beweis,” Schriften, V, pp. 77-78; Chadwick, pp. 52-53. Origen’s place as stated was once in accordance with miracles, which Lessing considered as old occasions yet of a type that he didn't locate within the eighteenth century. seventy six. See, for instance, Romans 10:12; I Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11. seventy seven. See notice sixty three above. seventy eight. See p. 1. fifty three and notice eighty three. seventy nine. See Fragments, pp. 74-75, KW VII (SV IV 238). eighty. with regards to the subsequent paragraph, see complement, p. 2. 36 (Pap. VI B 35:30). eighty one. See Aristotle, Posterior Analytics, seventy five a; Aristoteles graece, I-II, ed. Immanuel Bekker (Berlin: 1831; ASKB 1074-75), I, p. seventy five; the entire Works of Aristotle, I-II, ed. Jonathan Barnes (rev. Oxford tr. , Princeton: Princeton college Press, 1984), I, p. 122 (“Crossing from one other genus”). See additionally Fragments, p. seventy three, KW VII (SV IV 236). eighty two. See Lessing, “Ueber den Beweis,” Schriften, V, p. eighty two; Chadwick, p. fifty four. eighty three. Ibid. , p. eighty three; Chadwick, p. fifty five. eighty four. See Fragments, complement, p. 183, KW VII (Pap. V B 1:3). eighty five. See Shakespeare, Macbeth, II, 2, 60-61, V, 1, 39-45; W Shakspeare’s dramatische Werke, I-VIII, tr. Ernst Ortlepp (Stuttgart: 1838-39; ASKB 1874-81), I, pp. 34, ninety six; Shakspeare’s dramatische Werke, I-XII, tr. August Wilhelm v. Schlegel and Ludwig Tieck (Berlin: 1839-41; ASKB 1883-88), XII, pp. 296 (II, 1), 346-47; the entire Works of Shakespeare, ed. George Lyman Kittredge (Boston: Ginn, 1936), pp. 1123, 1140. Kierkegaard learn Latin, Greek, and German, yet no longer English. His analyzing of Shakespeare used to be in German translations or within the then on hand Danish translations. See Letters, Letter 2, KW XXV, at the prospect of commencing to study English in his final yr within the health club.
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