By Zsuzsanna Fagyal

French is used on each continent, spoken not just in France but in addition in Belgium, Switzerland, North the US, the Caribbean, Polynesia and Africa. this can be a entire and available consultant to the constitution of French, appropriate for people with little previous wisdom of linguistics or of the French Language. It sincerely introduces the language's background, phonetics (pronunciation), phonology (sound system), morpho-syntax (how phrases and sentences are formed), pragmatics (how audio system show meaning), and lexicology (the examine of be aware composition and derivation) - with every one bankruptcy exhibiting how those elements are topic to neighborhood and social version. English translations are supplied for all examples, and the booklet comprises an in depth bilingual thesaurus of linguistic phrases, and various routines and essay questions in each bankruptcy. French: A Linguistic advent can be welcomed through complex language freshmen, and through linguists learning the constitution of this significant language.

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7 2. eight three. 1 three. 2 three. three three. four three. five four. 1 6. 1 6. 2 xii IPA symbols for oral vowels in French web page 20 IPA symbols for nasal vowels in French 20 IPA symbols for consonants in French 21 IPA symbols for glides in French 21 Mid vowels in closed (CVC) and open (CV) syllables in northern Metropolitan French 29 Three-way competition of nasal vowels in northern Metropolitan French 34 French consonants via position (horizontally) and demeanour (vertically) of articulation forty-one Contexts of assibilation in 3 types of French forty five Written and oral kinds of the verb chanter ‘to sing’ eighty four ‘Standard’ and ‘non-standard’ verb types (following Marty 2001, Martinet 1969) 88 Sentence services, syntactic expressions and lexical manifestations of 3 arguments of mettre ‘to positioned’ within the sentence Marie met son sac par terre ‘Mary places her bag at the flooring. ’ ninety four Order of clitics earlier than the finite verb in declaratives (following Jones 1996:253). 114 attainable syntactic buildings of alternative query forms with an issue NP (Paul) in written and formal ‘standard’ spoken French a hundred thirty attainable semes for a componential research of French phrases denoting ‘drinking institutions’ 142 Spelling and pronunciation of vowels in Early previous French in accordance with examples from the Cantil`ene de Sainte Eulalie (ca. 880 ce), mentioned in Berger and Brasseur 2004: 108–131 224 Spelling and pronunciation of consonants in Early outdated French in keeping with examples from the Cantil`ene de Sainte Eulalie (ca. 880 ce, stated in Berger and Brasseur 2004:108–131) 226 List of tables 6. three the commonest instances of Classical Latin and their grammatical capabilities 6. four The 5 declensions within the singular and plural of Classical Latin 6. five The relief of the Latin declension procedure in outdated French 6. 6 abnormal kinds of adjectives in Classical Latin and sleek French 6. 7 Oral and written verb varieties in Classical Latin and glossy French 6. eight Spelling and pronunciation of vowels in previous and heart French 6. nine Paths of alterations taken by means of preconsonantal /l/ from Latin to center French (nb: Allophones of ‘r’ diversified traditionally, and are variable this present day. ) xiii 228 229 230 231 234 249 253 Preface This e-book makes the maybe audacious presumption that it's attainable to write down an obtainable, and but state-of-the paintings, advent to the constitution of French for a prompted public of non-specialists. As teachers within the French linguistics software of the college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, we now have lengthy been faced with the necessity for instructing graduate scholars of French and linguistics a hugely technical literature in regards to the constitution of French, and at the same time having to make ourselves understood by means of undergraduate scholars who, even if having a valid wisdom of French, aren't focusing on linguistics. therefore, upon an inquiry from Kate Brett from Cambridge collage Press approximately writing this type of e-book, we got down to mix our lectures notes, newspaper clippings, numerous technical and non-technical readings, and writing right into a unmarried booklet for use to coach simple strategies of linguistic research via a breathtaking travel of the defining features of the French language.

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