Edouard Manet
(Paris, 1832 – 1883)
Manet est l'un des plus célèbres artistes de los angeles seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, lié aux impressionnistes sans faire vraiment partie de leur groupe. Chérissant son indépendance, il eut une grande effect sur los angeles peinture française, en partie due au choix de ses sujets tirés de los angeles vie quotidienne, de son utilization de couleurs pures et de sa procedure rapide et libre. C'est son œuvre qui assura l. a. transition entre le réalisme de Courbet et los angeles imaginative and prescient novatrice des impressionnistes.
Issu de los angeles grande bourgeoisie, il choisit de devenir peintre après avoir raté son entrée à l'Ecole navale. Il se forma auprès de Thomas Couture, un peintre académique, mais c'est grâce à ses nombreux voyages à travers l'Europe qu'il entreprit dès 1852, qu'il commença à se faire une idée de ce qu'allait être son variety propre.
Ses premières peintures étaient essentiellement des scènes de style, inspirées par son amour pour les maîtres espagnols comme Velazquez et Goya, et le portrait. C'est en 1863 qu'il présenta son chef-d'œuvre Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe au Salon des refusés. Son œuvre déclenchant une polémique entre les défenseurs de l'art académique et les jeunes artistes «refusés », il devint le chef de dossier de cette nouvelle génération d'artistes.
A partir de 1864, le salon officiel accepta ses travaux, provoquant toujours de véhémentes protestations comme ce fut le cas avec Olympia en 1865. En 1866, l'écrivain Zola écrivit un article en faveur du travail de Manet. A cette époque, le peintre était ami avec tous les futurs grands maîtres impressionnistes : Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro et Paul Cézanne, qui s'influençaient les uns les autres ; pourtant il restait délibérément à l'extérieur du groupe. En effet, en 1874 il refusa de présenter ses peintures lors de leur première exposition. Sa dernière apparition dans un salon officiel fut en 1882 avec Un Bar aux Folies-Bergère, l'une de ses œuvres les plus connues. Atteint par l. a. gangrène au cours de l'année 1883, il peignit des natures mortes de fleurs jusqu'au second où il ne s'en sentit plus able, et il mourut en laissant derrière lui un grand nombre de dessins et de peintures.

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1863: Marries Suzanne Leenhoff in Holland. indicates a sequence of fourteen ‘Spanish’ canvases on the Martinet gallery. besides different works, indicates one in all his significant works, Luncheon at the Grass, on the Salon des Refusés. Eugene Delacroix dies. 1864: Manet is on holiday close to the coast of Boulogne while a conflict breaks out among opposing American vessels of the conflict of the Secession. He paints The conflict of the Kearsarge and the Alabama. 1865: shows Olympia, painted in 1863, which provokes a scandal on the Salon. Travels to Spain, the place the artwork has continuously had a power on his paintings. five 6 1866: Zola turns into pals with Manet after having come to the artist’s defence in Le Figaro. Manet will paint his portrait in 1874. The Piper and The Tragic Actor are refused on the Salon. 1867: on the time of the common Exhibition, he organises a private exhibition of his paintings in a personal development. His competitor, Gustave Courbet, does an analogous. booklet of a brochure on Manet, prepare by way of Émile Zola that comes with an engraving of Olympia, in addition to a portrait of the artist. The dying of Charles Boudelaire deeply distresses the artist, inspiring Enterrement (The Funeral). 1868: In October, Parisians notice at the partitions in their urban a poster of Manet selling the ebook of a booklet via his buddy Champfleury, The Cats: heritage, deaths, observations and anecdotes. Meets the artist Berthe Morisot, who poses for him. she's going to turn into Manet’s sister-in-law and their courting will stay a bit of ambiguous. 1868: shows canvases on the authentic Salon, The Balcony and Luncheon within the Studio, however the ultimate model of The Execution of the Emperor Maximilien is refused. 1870: 1 September, the French military surrenders to Seudan, chief of the Prussian military who invaded France. at the 19 September, the siege of Paris starts off. Manet is still within the capital till the 12 February, the place he joins the the nationwide defend and takes half within the resistance as a gunner. 1872: Settles into his studio on four, rue de Saint-Pétersbourg, subsequent to the Western railway line. Produces his piece The Railway, St. Lazare Station. frequently frequents the Café los angeles Nouvelle Athènes, the place each day he meets his associates, fellow artists, critics and writers. The café can be proven in his canvases, The Absinthe Drinker and The Prune, examples of his works which are acknowledged to be ‘Naturalist’. 1873: Meets the poet Stéphane Mallarmé. 1874: regardless of his friendship with Claude Monet, he refuses to participate within the first Impressionist exhibition. Spends the summer season at Gennevilliers, close to Argenteuil the place the Monet relations lives. There he'll paint their portrait, The Monet relations of their backyard at Argenteuil. shows Argenteuil, then travels to Venice. 1876: ebook of Mallarmé’s publication, L’Après-midi d’un faune (The Afternoon of the Faun), illustrated by means of Manet, who additionally paints a portrait of the writer. 1877: Paints Nana, facts of his connections with the paintings of Emile Zola. 1880: on the request of his pal Antonin Proust, creates symbolic female snap shots, titled The Spring and the fall.

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