Figurative language has been appeared usually as located outdoors the area of grammar. in spite of the fact that, with the appearance of Cognitive Linguistics, metonymy and metaphor are actually famous as being not just decorative rhetorical tropes yet primary figures of proposal that form, to a substantial volume, the conceptual constitution of languages. the current quantity is going even past this perception to suggest that grammar itself is metonymical in nature (Langacker) and that conceptual metonymy and metaphor depart their imprints on lexicogrammatical constitution. This thesis is built and substantiated for a big selection of languages and lexicogrammatical phenomena, similar to notice classification that means and be aware formation, case and element, right names and noun words, predicate and clause buildings, and different metonymically and metaphorically encouraged grammatical meanings and types. the quantity may be of curiosity to students and scholars in cognitive and useful linguistics, particularly, conceptual metonymy and metaphor thought, cognitive typology, and pragmatics.
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