It really is renowned that British and American English range considerably of their pronunciation and vocabulary - yet alterations of their grammar have mostly been underestimated. This quantity specializes in British–American transformations within the constitution of phrases and sentences and helps them with computer-aided experiences of enormous textual content collections. Present-day in addition to prior different types of the 2 forms are incorporated within the analyses. This makes it the 1st book-length therapy of British and American English grammar against this, with issues starting from compound verbs to be aware order variations and tag questions. The authors discover the various better-known contrasts, in addition to a very good number of cutting edge issues that experience to this point got very little attention. Bringing jointly the paintings of a workforce of major students within the box, this ebook might be of curiosity to these operating in the fields of English ancient linguistics, language edition and alter, and dialectology.
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Extra info for One Language, Two Grammars?: Differences between British and American English (Studies in English Language)
Even the rhythmically serious basic attributive makes use of maintain the disyllabic version in not more than fifty four consistent with cent of instances, which means that lighted is below nice strain from its monosyllabic competitor. even as, the switch has essentially stuck on in AmE, in order that the plain reversal obvious within the early twentieth-century info in determine five. 2 could be assumed to be a corpus artefact. in actual fact, AmE has on the finish of the 20 th century nearly reached the degrees attribute of early twentieth-century 7 eight and intricate attributives is important within the MNC (2 ¼ forty two. 70, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 6. 38Á10–11 (***)), the LNC (2 ¼ 179. 23, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 7. 12Á10–41 (***)) and the and so forth (2 ¼ a hundred and ten. seventy six, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 6. 66Á10–26 (***)). The British–American alterations turn into major from the LNC info onwards: LNC: unmarried unmodified attributives: 2 ¼ 7. fifty nine, df ¼ 1, p ¼ zero. 0059 (***); complicated attributives: 2 ¼ fifty seven. 31, df ¼ 1, p ¼ three. 71Á10–14 (***); non-attributives: 2 ¼ 30. 10, df ¼ 1, p ¼ four. 10Á10–8 (***). and so on: unmarried unmodified attributives: 2 ¼ five. 20, df ¼ 1, p ¼ zero. 023 (*); advanced attributives: 2 ¼ ninety one. fifty two, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 1. 10Á10–21 (***); non-attributives: 2 ¼ 25. 32, df ¼ 1, p ¼ four. 86Á10–7 (***). the diversities are all statistically very hugely major: BrE: unmarried unmodified attributives vs. non-attributives: 2 ¼ 371. 87, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 7. 33Á10–83 (***); advanced attributives vs. non-attributives: 2 ¼ 35. 87, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 2. 11Á10–9 (***). AmE: unmarried unmodified attributives vs. non-attributives: 2 ¼ 159. 10, df ¼ 1, p ¼ 1. 77Á10–36 (***); advanced attributives vs. non-attributives: 2 ¼ 24. 20, df ¼ 1, p ¼ eight. 69Á10–7 (***). Phonology and grammar 117 one hundred pc forty% 30% 20% 10% 57/1262 = five% 50% 17/1673 = 1% 60% 219/625 = 35% 197/237 = eighty three% 70% 79/145 = fifty four% percent of lighted eighty% 139/620 = 22% ninety% zero% British newspapers unmarried unmodified attributive American newspapers advanced attributive non-attributive determine five. three The distribution of the participial variations lit and lighted based on syntactic functionality in a British and American newspaper corpus (t00, g00, d00, m00; W92, D95, L95) BrE. taking into account that determine five. three attracts on a newspaper corpus, whereas determine five. 2 represents fictional prose, and considering that journalistic sort has a tendency to take in concepts relatively keenly (see Mair 1998: 148–55), much less innovative registers of AmE could really be lagging in the back of by way of one other decade. This comparability among the 2 types could be dropped at endure at the ‘colonial lag’ speculation. once BrE and AmE glide aside within the diachronic shift proven in determine five. 2, AmE seems to be the extra conservative style, during which the outgoing version lighted holds its flooring really good. The generalization concerning the decrease velocity of swap in AmE is hence proven for the case of lit/lighted. because we're facing an irregularization of grammatical varieties, the retardation of the fashion in AmE leads to a better regularity compared to BrE.
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