Maggie Scott takes the reader round the kingdom from Dumfries to Shetland to provide an explanation for the meanings of the locations that make up state-of-the-art Scotland.

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This notice is utilized in Scots and northerly English, and prefer its southern cousin knoll, derives from outdated English cnoll. Knowes are available in Scottish literature, as in Robert Burns’ poem Ca’ the yowes to the knowes (1794) and Sir Walter Scott’s description in his novel, The Black Dwarf (1816), of the ‘bonny broomy knowe’. legislations − derived from outdated English hlw ‘mound, cairn, hill, mountain’, this time period is often present in the place-names of southern and jap Scotland, in components so much without delay stricken by medieval settlers from northern England. a few famous Scottish legislation are Dundee legislations, Largo legislation, Berwick legislation and extensive legislation. additionally weelkent is Traprain legislations in Lothian, the place early twentieth-century archaeologists chanced on an important hoard of Roman silver artefacts, now within the care of the Royal Museum of Scotland. Mounth − the observe is derived from Gaelic monadh ‘mountain range’, and will additionally denote hilly barren state or excessive floor. whilst utilized in the word The Mounth, it describes the mountains of the japanese Highlands, particularly the jap Grampians of Angus and Kincardineshire, south of the Dee. Spellings of the identify have assorted over the years, and month is usual in older texts. The medieval Asloan Manuscript reviews that Malcome Canmor . . . chasit (chased) Makbeth our (over) the Month to Lumfannane. Nabb − additionally occasionally spelled knabb, this observe for a hillock or summit is usually present in place-names in Shetland and Orkney and is of Scandinavian foundation. comparable etymologically to Scots neb ‘nose’, it additionally refers to good points that stick out, together with a rocky headland close to Lerwick identified easily because the Knab. Noup − derived from a Scandinavian observe of comparable which means, a noup is a jutting or overhanging crag or mountain-top, or a steep headland or promontory. The note is understood as a rule in Orkney and Shetland, and is located in a couple of Shetland place-names together with the Noop of Noss, which positive aspects in Echoes from Klingrahool (1898), through the poet ‘Junda’ (James Stout Angus): The moon hangs over the Noop of Noss Like a golden guard with a silver boss. Pap − this time period often denotes a conical hill. the main recognized examples are most likely the Paps of Jura and the Pap of Glencoe, although the latter has built quite lately as a contemporary nickname for the kenspeckle mountain dominating the frequent vacationer perspectives of Glen Coe. it's also recognized by means of its Gaelic identify Sgorr na Cìche. Pen − even though not in use as a common Scots observe, pen used to be used till at the very least the 19th century to point a pointed, conical hill. The time period derives from a P-Celtic note, and is the ancestor of contemporary Welsh pen ‘head’. Place-names with pen contain Ettrick Pen, Skelfhill Pen and Pennygant Hill close to Hawick within the Borders. Pike − even though now not in particular common in Scottish place-names, there are many pikes within the Borders, together with The Pike in Roxburgh and Pike Fell close to Langholm. there are lots of pikes within the English Lake District and, pike being of Scandinavian starting place, it truly is no shock that the distribution of those place-names corresponds to the components of england that observed heavy Anglo-Scandinavian payment within the center a while.

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