By Eduardo D. Faingold

Researchers in Romance languages will locate this ebook a stimulating and broad-ranging therapy of the improvement of grammar, demonstrating the relevance of markedness for either linguistic concept and language instructing. a considerable and unique account of a special physique of information, throughout first and moment language acquisition, creolization and historic linguistics and throughout quite a lot of languages and call forms, demonstrates a brand new impetus and predictive strength for markedness idea.

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Seventy five Ellis, T. L. 17 English, adverbs sixty five article approach 12, thirteen, 19, one hundred twenty spatial prepositions fifty nine, sixty four Haitian, article process 23, 24–5, 37, 38, a hundred and twenty Hawaiian, article process 12, 13–14, 15, sixteen, 23, 37, one hundred twenty Hebrew, adverbs fifty six article process 23 spatial prepositions fifty nine, sixty two, sixty three, sixty seven, sixty nine, 121 Holm, J. 17, 25 Faingold, E. D. four, 17, 36, 37, ninety, 119 French, adverbs 65–6 article process eleven, 12, thirteen, sixteen, 23, 29, 30 Parisian/mood 77–8 spatial prepositions sixty one, 64–5 subjunctive verb seventy three, seventy four, 84–5 Friedman, N. S. 17 Iberian, temper 78–83, 89 implicational ideas, impact of frequency of utilization 93–4 psychological illustration/ mental fact 92–3 indicative ninety one, ninety two, 122 baby language 72–3 language historical past 83–4 local audio system eighty three, 123 Index 147 indicative – persisted moment language seventy five, seventy seven, seventy eight, 123 vs subjunctive 95–107, 124 Italian fifty eight, fifty nine, sixty two, sixty seven Johnston, J. R. sixty one, sixty two Judeo-Spanish three Karmiloff-Smith, A. thirteen, sixteen, 23 Kaufman, T. sixteen Klein, W. et al. sixty five koines eight, 28 article procedure 30 info 17 Kuczaj, S. A. sixty one language, acquisition eight, 10 grownup 1, 2, 119 research three daughter 2–3 improvement 2 formulae 92–3 temper 75–83, 123 theoretical history/ assumptions 1–2 edition 6 see additionally moment language language heritage 1, 2, five, 10, eleven, 119 article process 28–31, 33 diffusion 29–30 fusion 31 koinization 30 temper 83–4 neutralization 29–30 Latin, circulate from classical to Romance 40–1, 44–8, 50, fifty two, one hundred twenty Latin American, temper 78–83, 89–90 Laury, R. forty eight Lockwood, W. B. forty eight Maratsos, M. thirteen, sixteen, 20, 21, 23, sixty one marked see version of markedness marked/markered contrast 12, fifty five, fifty six, 65–6, sixty seven, sixty nine, 121–2 Markey, T. L. 18 Mayerthaler, W. 2, four, 37, fifty six, ninety, 119 Medieval Latin forty Megenney, W. 17 Mithun, M. forty eight version of markedness, article process 34–5 characterization three, 119 developmental 7–8, 12–13, 54–7, 70–1 rationalization 4–8 framework of four identity of constructions 4–7, 11–12, fifty five ideas four spatial prepositions/temporal adverbs 66–8 universals four temper nine, 122–3 acquisition, studying, version, historical past 72–84 baby language 72–5, 123 improvement 70–1, 84–90 rationalization 87–90 language historical past 83–4 language edition 75–83 usual morphology/ markedness principles 84–7 psychological/semantic constraints 88–9 moment language seventy five semantic presupposition 89 sociocommunicational constraints 89–90 assets of information 71–2 syntactic ideas 88 see additionally subjunctive morphemes fifty four morphology, article approach 31–6 rationalization of improvement 36–7, sixty eight, 87–90 temper 84–7 spatial prepositions/temporal adverbs 66–8 148 Index Naremore, R. sixty one nominative forty five, fifty two Palenquero three, eight article method 23, 25, 26, 27–8, 37, 38, a hundred and twenty Papiamentu 2–3, eight article approach 23, 25, 26–7, 38, one hundred twenty Parisi, D. sixty two earlier subjunctive nine, 122 after subordination 104, a hundred and five examples of makes use of 106–7 in subordinate clauses brought via que 102–4 as unmarked in non-irrealis environments 95–6 see additionally destiny subjunctive; current subjunctive; subjunctive Patino Rosselli, C. 17 Penrose, R. ninety three Piaget, J. 19, 23 Pidgin 14 Piérart, B. sixty one Pishwa, H. seventy five Portuguese, article process eleven, 19, 20, 21, 29 demonstrative pronouns 39, forty seven, fifty two, fifty three prepositions 8–9, fifty four, fifty five, 121 acquisition fifty nine, 63–6 baby language 59–62, sixty six cognitive problems fifty seven, sixty eight crossfield correspondences sixty seven frequency sixty seven hierarchy 66–7, sixty eight markeredness/constructional iconicity sixty seven neutralization sixty seven moment language 63–5, sixty seven resources of knowledge 57–8 current subjunctive nine, 122–3 after subordination 99–100 examples of makes use of one hundred and one in subordinate clauses brought through que 96–8 as unmarked in non-irrealis environments 95–6 see additionally destiny subjunctive; prior subjunctive; subjunctive Principe, article procedure 23, 25–6, 37, 38, one hundred twenty Remacle, L.

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