By Alison McQueen

Rembrandt's lifestyles and artwork had a legendary resonance between nineteenth-century French artists, writers and creditors. Artists and critics used Rembrandt's creative personality as a benchmark and justification for his or her personal objectives and a few reconstructed and falsified background whereas making making Rembrandt and ancestral determine whom they heralded as their talisman.

This research, the 1st in-depth exam of the reception of Rembrandt in nineteenth-century France, analyzes the preoccupation along with his perceived authenticity, originality and republicanism. This cutting edge e-book considers the written texts, prints, sculpture, portray, posters, and theatrical performances that exhibit the transforming into strength of the parable of Rembrandt. the 1st in-depth review of the notion of Rembrandt one of the French 19th-century intelligentsia. a desirable research of the conditions in France that fostered present-day debates over Rembrandt's paintings.

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The bust within the correct history is surely of Rembrandt. As in lots of different work and prints of Rembrandt all through this era, the vintage features are represented: a jauntily berettopped head with tumbling, curly hair and upturned moustache are attributes integrated into representations of Rembrandt in either work and prints all through this era. 353 The distinction among the bust’s in part lit and partly obscured physiognomy even indicates Rembrandt’s famed clair-obscur. through together with the folio of Dürer’s prints and a bust of Rembrandt Roybet emphasised the significance of either artists for the Société des Aquafortistes. whereas etchings have been the society’s concentration, the culture of engraving used to be additionally obvious as beneficial for a few of the artists concerned. there have been additionally a number of French courses dedicated to Dürer in this interval, even supposing not anything corresponding to the variety of texts on Rembrandt. 354 Like Rembrandt and Callot, Dürer’s prints figured within the cupboard des estampes and several other top deepest collections, together with these of Clément, Delessert, Firmin-Didot, Galichon, Gigoux, and Roth. in view that Dürer produced prints over 100 years sooner than Rembrandt, you can anticipate he will be visible because the germinal eu artist during this medium. certainly, Blanc famous that the 1st identified etching used to be produced by way of Dürer’s hand in 1512: The oldest identified etching is Albrecht Dürer’s Saint Jerome, etched in 1512... Etching had no longer but taken its position within the area of the humanities; she wouldn't whole her expression, gather her worth, her colour, until eventually the 17th century; in a notice it really is Rembrandt who was once the real inventor; it really is he, who via an easy method, made it an paintings. 355 rembrandt the “ grasp ” printmaker 189 Despite any declare that Dürer was once the 1st etcher – and French printmaking treatises allowed that there has been an ongoing debate among German and Italian assets – Blanc wouldn't provide Dürer the prestige of preeminent etcher. The critic Philippe Burty agreed with that view and pushed aside Dürer’s etchings as a fleeting curiosity. He criticized Dürer’s strategy as one now not tailored to the copper plate however the comparable as though the artist used to be operating with wooden: “Albrecht Dürer in simple terms attempted it in passing. it may well now not be his software of selection. He requested of it approximately what he requested of wooden: strong contours. ” 356 French critics and artists linked Dürer mostly with woodcuts and engravings instead of etchings. Blanc predicted Dürer on par with Marcantonio Raimondi and Rembrandt, yet he claimed Rembrandt was once undisputably the prime determine of the 3: Rembrandt is absolutely the main illustrious painterprintmaker. for 2 hundred years he has shared with Albrecht Dürer and Marcantonio, the glory of offering the good exchange of prints in Europe, of being accrued by way of an consistently expanding variety of amateurs, and to have risen from basic prints to impressive costs within the most renowned revenues. 357 Rembrandt’s prestige is back strengthened through Eugène Montrosier, who additionally grouped an identical 3 artists because the trilogy of serious painter-printmakers: “It is Rembrandt!

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