By Sam Glucksberg

This booklet examines how humans comprehend utterances which are meant figuratively. routinely, figurative language resembling metaphors and idioms has been thought of by-product from extra advanced than ostensibly elementary literal language. Glucksberg argues that figurative language comprises a similar types of linguistic and pragmatic operations which are used for usual, literal language. Glucksberg's study during this publication is worried with traditional language: expressions which are utilized in lifestyle, together with conversations approximately daily concerns, newspaper and journal articles, and the media. Metaphor is the foremost concentration of the booklet. Idioms, even if, also are handled comprehensively, as is the speculation of conceptual metaphor within the context of ways humans comprehend either traditional and novel figurative expressions. a brand new thought of metaphor comprehension is recommend, and evaluated with appreciate to competing theories in linguistics and in psychology. The primary guiding principle of the speculation is that standard conversational metaphors are used to create new strategies and different types. This strategy is spontaneous and automated. Metaphor is certain simply within the experience that those different types get their names from the simplest examples of the issues they symbolize, and that those different types get their names from the simplest examples of these different types. therefore, the literal "shark" could be a metaphor for any vicious and predatory being, from unscrupulous salespeople to a murderous personality within the Threepenny Opera. as the similar time period, e.g.,"shark," is used either for its literal referent and for the metaphorical class, as in "My legal professional is a shark," we name it the dual-reference thought. the idea is then prolonged to 2 different domain names: idioms and conceptual metaphors. The ebook provides the 1st accomplished account of the way humans use and comprehend metaphors in daily life.

Show description

Read Online or Download Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms (Oxford Psychology Series) PDF

Best Linguistics books

Oxymoronica: Paradoxical Wit & Wisdom From History's Greatest Wordsmiths

Ox-y-mor-on-i-ca (OK-se-mor-ON-uh-ca) noun, plural: Any number of tantalizing, self-contradictory statements or observations that at the floor seem fake or illogical, yet at a deeper point are precise, usually profoundly actual. See additionally oxymoron, paradox. examples:"Melancholy is the excitement of being unhappy.

Gwynne's Latin: The Ultimate Introduction to Latin Including the Latin in Everyday English

The last word consultant to Latin, for its personal sake, to enhance your English, and to make you larger at every thing else Latin is "it", the main remarkable "thing". it's mind-enhancing, character-improving, captivating, fascinating, deeply pleasant, and helpful. My stable selection is to spare no pains to do it the justice that its significance calls for.

The Phonology of Standard Chinese (The Phonology of the World's Languages)

The absolutely revised version of San Duanmu's well known advent to chinese language phonology displays contemporary study and theoretical advances particularly paintings in characteristic, syllable, and pressure. the writer has additionally extra a bankruptcy on rhythm in poetry.

About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)

This e-book considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day past, day after today, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance. there's a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference element is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically through semantic principles of interpretation.

Additional info for Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms (Oxford Psychology Series)

Show sample text content

1983). twin tactics in metaphor realizing: Comprehension and appreciation. magazine of Experimental Psychology: studying, reminiscence and Cognition, nine, 667–675. Gibbs, R. W. (1980). Spilling the beans on knowing and reminiscence for idioms in dialog. reminiscence and Cognition, eight, 149–156. Gibbs, R. W. (1983). Do humans continually technique the literal meanings of oblique requests? magazine of Experimental Psychology: studying, reminiscence, and Cognition, nine, 524– 533. Gibbs, R. W. (1984). Literal that means and mental idea. Cognitive technology, eight, 275–304. Gibbs, R. W. (1990). Comprehending figurative referential descriptions. magazine of Experimental Psychology: studying, reminiscence, and Cognition, sixteen, 56–66. Gibbs, R. W. (1992a). Categorization and metaphor figuring out. mental evaluation, ninety nine, 572–577. Gibbs, R. W. (1992b). What do idioms fairly suggest? magazine of reminiscence and Language, 31, 485–506. Gibbs, R. W (1993). procedure and items in making experience of tropes. In A. Ortony (Ed. ), Metaphor and proposal (2d Ed. ) pp. 252–276). long island: Cambridge college Press. Gibbs, R. W. (1994). The Poetics of brain: Figurative concept, Language and figuring out. big apple: Cambridge college Press. Gibbs, R. W. , & McCarrell, N. (1990). Why boys can be girls and boys can be women: figuring out colloquial tautologies. magazine of Psycholingustic examine, 19, a hundred twenty five– a hundred forty five. Gibbs, R. W. , & Nayak, N. P. (1989). Psycholinguistic reports at the syntactic habit of idioms. Cognitive Psychology, 21, 100–138. Gibbs, R. W. , & O’Brien, J. (1990). Idioms and psychological imagery: The metaphorical motivation of idiomatic that means. Cognition, 36, 35–68. Gibbs, R. W. , Nayak, N. P. , & slicing, C. (1989). how one can kick the bucket and never decompose: Analyzability and idiom processing. magazine of reminiscence and Language, 28, 576–593. Gibbs, R. W. , Nayak, N. P. , Bolton, J. L, & Keppel, M. E. (1989). audio system’ assumptions in regards to the lexical flexibility of idioms. reminiscence and Cognition, 17, 58–68. Gildea, P. , and Glucksberg, S. (1983). On figuring out metaphor: The function of context. magazine of Verbal studying and Verbal habit, 22, 577—590. Giora, R. (1997). realizing figurative and literal language: The graded salience speculation. Cognitive Linguistics, 7, 183–206. Giora, R. (in press). On Our brain: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language. manhattan: Oxford collage Press. Glucksberg, S. (1988). Language and concept. In R. Sternberg & E. E. Smith (Eds. ), The Psychology of Human proposal. Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press, pp. 214–241. Glucksberg, S. (1991). past literal meanings: The psychology of allusion. mental technological know-how, 2, 146–152. Glucksberg, S. (1993). Idiom meanings and allusional content material. In C. Cacciari and P. Tabossi (Eds. ), Idioms: Processing, constitution, and Interpretation (pp. 3–26). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Glucksberg, S. , & Keysar, B. (1990). knowing metaphorical comparisons: past similarity. mental evaluation, ninety seven, 3–18. Glucksberg, S. , & Keysar, B. (1993). How metaphors paintings. In A. Ortony (Ed. ), Meta- REFERENCES 121 phor and inspiration (2d Ed. ) (pp. 401–424). manhattan, Cambridge collage Press.

Rated 4.81 of 5 – based on 41 votes