Witty and erudite, Written in Stone is the 1st etymology e-book to bare how the English language relies on unique Stone Age words.

part the world’s inhabitants speaks a language that has advanced from a unmarried, prehistoric mom tongue. A mom tongue first spoken in Stone Age occasions, at the steppes of primary Eurasia 6,500 years in the past. It was once so powerful that it flourished for 2 thousand years. It used to be a language that unfold from the beaches of the Black Sea throughout just about all of Europe and lots more and plenty of Asia. it's the genetic foundation of every thing we converse and write today―the DNA of language.

Written in Stone combines detective paintings, mythology, historic background, archaeology, the roots of society, expertise and war, and the sheer fascination of phrases to discover that unique mom tongue, sketching the connections woven in the course of the giant vocabulary of English―with a few extraordinary results.

In snappy, vigorous and infrequently very humorous chapters, it uncovers the main influential and significant phrases utilized by our Neolithic ancestors, and indicates how they're nonetheless in consistent use today―the development blocks of all our most typical phrases and words.

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No less than you can find flies; in case you have been continually caring concerning the health of microscopic mites, you’d cross insane. the traditional Greek observe for fit and sound used to be saos – upload saos and an jointly and, if you’re of sound brain, you’ll locate that you're sane. If you’ve misplaced your brain, try to be in a sanitarium. If, nevertheless, you’re improving from a protracted disorder corresponding to tuberculosis, you wish a clinic. anything will be unsanitary – decidedly bad. The Latin motto mens sana in corpore sano reminds us fit brain is living in a fit physique; the 2 are consanguineous, or blood family members. That note includes many parts, together with the Latin observe for blood, sanguinem, giving us phrases like sangaree, a highly spiced drink of diluted wine served chilly in scorching nations, and sang-froid, that means dispassionate calm – all derived from an. The sangrail used to be the cup that amassed Christ’s blood from the wound in His part at the move, extra referred to as the Holy Grail. no matter what you name it, the Grail used to be sanguiferous, an item used for transporting blood. surprising statues are believed by means of many Christians to weep blood, a strategy referred to as sanguification. but the blood looks, it leaves the statue’s face sanguinolent, or stained with blood. Blood used to be one of many 4 ‘humours’ of medieval medication: the physically fluids that ensure our personalities. the 3 different humours have been yellow bile, black bile and phlegm: a phlegmatic individual used to be long-suffering, a black bilious one used to be evil-tempered and a yellow bilious one was once depressive and irritable. however the ruddy-cheeked sanguine personality was once confident, joyful and amiable, in addition to having a hearty urge for food for food and drinks. If you’ve acquired a hearty urge for food for blood, nonetheless, you're sanguinary – ‘bloodthirsty, delighting in carnage, enforcing the demise penalty freely’. or even you’re a vampire, during which case you're sanguivorous: a carnivore who eats basically blood. No ask yourself vampire video clips are so packed with heavy respiring … it’s all approximately an, the breath of lifestyles. Ank, to bend MORPORKIAN, THE LANGUAGE spoken by means of voters of Ankh-Morpork in Terry Pratchett’s Discworld tales, isn't really an Indo-European language. yet Sir Terry’s effective intuition for phrases was once operating good while he named the town: Ankh has undertones of anything twisted, crooked and bent. such a lot of Ankh-Morpork’s population are all 3. Oddly, the ‘Eng’ in England should have the exact same resonances. And if it doesn’t, that’s simply because we’ve forgotten the place the note got here from. The note ank intended to bend. It’s why ankle and attitude are nearly an identical sound. The Greeks known as a bend an ankon, and it should have sounded correct for that bony joint on the some distance finish of the leg, since it survived in every kind of languages. The Germans and Dutch say enkel, the Danes and Swedes say ankel and the Anglo-Saxons acknowledged anklowe. Anglo-Saxon used to be a mix of Germanic tongues spoken through the Saxons (from Saxony) and the Angles (from Angeln, a extra descriptive and no more long-winded identify for the province now known as Schleswig-Holstein, the place the Danish peninsula meets the eu mainland).

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